Whose is used to show possession. It has
the same meaning as other possessive adjectives
such as his, hers, its, their, etc.
--There's the man whose house we bought.
--I have a book whose story is fascinating.
Whose modifies people but can also be
used with things.
You should learn how to combine short
sentences using whose:
--The woman is a talented artist. I saw
-- The woman whose paintings I saw is
a talented artist.
Earlier in this course, you learned how
to use where in questions:
--Where are you going?
Where can also be used in a dependent
--I see the house where they live.
In the latter example, where is used to
refer to a place, such as a city, state,
country, room, etc.
NOTE: In dependent clauses, where can
be replaced with in which, which ... in,
that ... in, or nothing at all:
--The building where they work is new.
--The building in which they work is new.
--The building, which they work in, is
--The building that they work in is new.
--The building they work in is new.
Previously, you learned how to use when
--When are you leaving?
When can also be used in a dependent clause:
--I forgot the date when you arrived.
In the latter example, when is used to
refer to a noun of time (i.e., a day,
week, month, etc.)
I n time clauses, it is also possible
to use that or which preceded by a preposition:
--I forgot the date that you arrived.
--I forgot the date on which you arrived.
No preposition is needed with that.
Note how two sentences are combined using
--I'll always remember the day she was
born. She was born then (on that day).
--I'll always remember the day when she
A frequent pattern in English is the use
of constructions with if followed by a
clause of result (then, either stated
--If you take Interstate 85, (then) you'll
get there faster.
In this kind of sentence the if clause
introduces a hypothetical statement. When
the if clause is in the present tense,
the result (then) clause is in the future:
--If it becomes (present) any hotter,
we'll have to go (future) swimming.
--I'll send (future) you some money, if
you need it (present).
Now you have seen the if (present tense),
then (future tense) pattern. Here are
two other sequences:
-- If (past tense), then (conditional
-- If (past perfect), then (past conditional)
--If I had (past) more time, I would read
(conditional) this book.
--They would have won (past conditional)
the race, if they had run (past perfect)
NOTE: When you use the verb to be after
if, were not was is the preferred form:
--If he were younger, he would ski every